Class 12 New English Model Question PDF Solution 2080
NEB - GRADE 12 English Model Question Solution 2080 (2023) PDF
Candidates are required to give their answers in their own words as far as practicable. The figures in the margin indicate full marks.
Time: 3 hrs. Full Marks: 75
1. Read the following text about a fitness activity and complete the tasks that follow. 15
You want to be healthy. You know, you need to exercise more. But if you are not ready to grunt through an hour of kick-boxing, don't despair. There is a growing agreement among exercise researchers that the intense physical activities offered by most health clubs are not the only–or even the preferable–path to better health. Indeed, the best thing for most of us may be to just walk. Yes, walk. At a reasonable vigorous clip (five to six km/h) for half an hour or so, may be five or six times a week. You may not feel the benefits all at once, but the evidence suggests that over the long term, a regular walking routine can do a world of preventive good. Walking, in fact, may be the perfect exercise. For starters, it's one of the safest things you can do with your body. It's much easier on the knees than running and doesn't trigger untoward side effects. Dr.Johnna Manson, chief of preventive medicine at a leading Harvard woman's hospital says, "If everyone were to walk briskly 30 minutes a day, we could cut the incidence of many chronic diseases by 30 to 40 per cent." She further says, ''Regular physical activity is probably as close to a magic bullet as we will come in modern medicine." And for those of us who don't have half-hour chunks of time, the news gets even better. Several recent studies suggest that walking briskly three or four times a day for 10 minutes at a time may provide many of the same benefits as walking continuously for 30 minutes. Here's how to make the most of your walking routine. First, get into gear. Walker's shoes need to have enough room at the front for the feet to spread. Then, ease on down that road. Avoid muscle aches by starting slowly and incorporating gentle stretches into both your warmup and cool down. You must plot your course. Some people walk at a specific time each day. Others shoehorn walking into their routines by parking the car a few minutes from the store or taking the stairs instead of the lift. Record your efforts, including how long and how far you walked. Jotting down improvements keeps you motivated and challenges you to do better. Since walking affects you in so many ways at once, it's difficult to determine precisely why it's good for you. But much of the evidence gathered so far is compelling. Brisk walking is good for the heart—which makes a lot of sense. The heart is a muscle after all, and anything that makes the blood flow faster through a muscle helps keep it in shape. But regular walking also lowers blood pressure, which decreases the stress on the arteries. It can boost the amount of HDL cholesterol (the good one) in our blood. It even seems to make the blood less "sticky", and therefore less likely to produce unwanted clots. This all adds up to as much as a 50 per cent reduction in the risk of suffering a heart attack.
The solution of this passage is not provided, because it won't help you anyways. Since, passage is highly unlikely to be same in exam, you should rather practice this on your own!
A. Complete the following sentences using the words highlighted in the text. Two of those words are not necessary. 5x1=5
a. He looks like a bodybuilder as he has a strong ......................
b. You can still get a good house for a very ...................... price.
c. It was really freezing. So, we ........................... some wood to build a fire.
d. Although he lost his job, he didn‘t .................
e. Jogging regularly is the best ....................... measure for a heart disease.
B. Read the text again and write
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information given in the text.
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information given in the text.
NOT GIVEN if there is no information in the text. 5x1=5
a. According to the author, only strong physical exercise keeps people healthy.
b. The author thinks that walking is better than running in the initial stage.
c. Regular exercise frequently releases our brain cells.
d. Physical exercise ensures the overall growth of a person.
e. The author advises people to make notes of the duration and distance of the daily walk.
C. Give short answers to the following questions in ONE SENTENCE each. 5 x 1= 5
a. Why does the author mention 'exercise researchers‘ in the first paragraph?
b. Where does Johnna Manson work?
c. Why does the author use the phrase 'a magic bullet‘ in the third paragraph?
d. Do you agree or disagree with the author‘s point of view? Why, why not?
e. How is the author in this text trying to convince the readers?
2. Write short answers to the following questions in about 75 words each. 5x2=10
a. Why was the success of Rakesh a matter of discussion in the neighbourhood? (A Devoted Son)
= Rakesh’s success was a special matter of discussion in the neighbourhood because he was the first son in the Varma family to graduate from college with the nation's highest GPA.
b. Describe the irritating things that the people do with the strange old man. (A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings)
= The old man was subjected to insults since he failed to impress anybody. Then they wounded him repeatedly with a branding iron. He was so feeble that he could not react to anything. Then, they pulled his feathers and threw stones at him in order to make him stand. As a result, the old man's demeanor shifts from passive to abrasive.
Describe marriage as a social institution. (Marriage as a Social Institution)
= Marriage is considered a social institution because it is a culturally recognized union between two individuals that is typically sanctioned by law or other social norms. Marriage is also a social institution because it is often tied to religious or cultural beliefs, and may involve specific ceremonies or rituals that reflect these traditions.
c. 'Human beings are connected with hope.‘ Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Give reasons. (The Awakening Age)
d. Do you agree with the author‘s view that history has been a major debatable issue in the present world? Give your opinion. (Humility)
I believe that egoism has made history a debatable topic in modern society. Only because people are selfish, history has become a big problem in the world today. Most people think they are the centre of the universe and that their culture is better than everyone else's. They think their history is the oldest and that everything comes from or comes from their way of life. It is the author's goal to make humanity feel less like a superior and more like an equal.
How can wisdom be taught? Give examples. (Knowledge and Wisdom)
Bertrand Russell, a British philosopher, argued that, while wisdom cannot be taught in the traditional sense, it can be cultivated through a combination of self-reflection, critical thinking, and personal experience. By questioning our beliefs and assumptions, embracing challenges, and striving to see the world from multiple perspectives, we can develop a deeper understanding of ourselves and the world around us, and cultivate the wisdom needed to lead a fulfilling and meaningful life.
e. How does Famous Actress try to convince Earnest Young Woman? (A Matter of Husbands)
An Earnest Young woman gets fooled by the Famous Actress, who claims that she and her husband may be in a miscommunication. She convinces Earnest Young Woman that her husband has been playing with her in order to make her jealous and reclaim her love. As a result, Earnest Young sees her error and apologizes to Famous Actress, being convinced to her story.
3. Write long answers to the following questions in about 150 words each. 2x5=10
a. Explain the following lines with reference to the context. (I was My Own Route)
And I was all in me as was life in me...
I wanted to be like men wanted me to be:
an attempt at life;
a game of hide and seek with my being.
But I was made of nows;
when the heralds announced me
at the regal parade of the old guard,
the desire to follow men warped in me,
and the homage was left waiting for me.
In "I Was My Own Route" by Julia de Burgos, the speaker reflects on her past experiences and the pressure she felt to conform to societal expectations. In the lines "And I was all in me as was life in me... I wanted to be like men wanted me to be: an attempt at life; a game of hide and seek with my being," the speaker expresses the internal conflict she faced between her true self and the expectations placed upon her by men.
Despite the pressure to conform, the speaker realizes that she is made up of her own experiences and the present moment. The line "when the speaker is announced at a parade, she recognizes the desire to follow men within her but does not act upon it" means that even though the speaker feels the pressure to conform, she does not give in to that pressure and remains true to herself. The line "and the homage was left waiting for me" implies that the speaker does not seek the validation or approval of men, but instead stays true to herself.
Overall, these lines express the speaker's struggle with societal expectations and her decision to prioritize her own sense of self over conforming to gender roles. The speaker's realization that she is "made of nows" suggests that she is living in the present and embracing her own experiences, rather than attempting to fit into a preconceived mold.
Sketch the character of Monsieur Durand. (Facing Death)
In Facing Death, August Strindberg dramatizes a heroic sacrifice made by a bankrupt man for the sake of his daughters.
The play's central character is Monsieur Durand. In addition to being a lodge owner, he is also a retired railroad worker. He is a bankrupt man with three young daughters. The lodge is their home.
Durand and his daughters have a tense relationship. We see him as a loving, caring, and protective father in this play. He and his three daughters are living in misery as a result of his insolvency.
Most of the time, we see his daughters dislike and blame him for everything. As long as he's thinking about his two daughters, he'll never give up. He puts his own life on the line to protect his estranged daughters, who despise him.
He is a man of great patience who remained silent for the rest of his life, though the real culprit of such circumstances was caused by his late wife. He is also a devoted husband and a good father. Though he is compelled to live in Switzerland, he is a patriotic Frenchman who adores his homeland. Because of his concern for his three daughters' safety, he is a tragic hero who sacrifices his own happiness in order to protect theirs.
b. How does the play make a satire on feudal system of Nepali society of late 18th century? (The Bull)
One-act play "The Bull" has been written by Nepali poet and playwright Bhimnidhi Tiwari, who is widely regarded as one of the country's greatest writers. A satire of the feudal structure in the society at the time of the play (18th century). As a result of the death of King Rana Bahadur Shah's bull, Male, a bull doctor and two cowherds named Jitman and Gore are in a state of fear.
The drama depicts the dehumanisation and oppression of feudal rulers on their workers. Common people live in terror because the lord's animal is treated better than they. The feudal system has suppressed, dominated, and dehumanised them. We have seen the cowherds who survive on the Lord's kindness and grace. This drama depicted the feudal society and its abuse of common people.
The monarchy system was in place in Nepal in the 1800s. The Shah Dynasty governed Nepal at the time. This nation has a lot of set rules. People were deprived of their freedom. The king and his soldiers had to be obeyed at all costs.
The rulers and lords in "The Bull'' represented a cruel society. People's circumstances weren't really good. Politics was little understood by the citizenry. People were punished for not performing swosthi for the kings and lords (bow down to them). They would be punished if they revolted against their rulers. Their rulers abused them. People had no fundamental rights. Females were obliged to live under the dominance of men. Males used to have many wives. The monarchs or lords had total influence over the commoners' lives.
4. Summarise the following text in approximately 150 words. Write only the ideas of the original text but do not include your own opinions, interpretations, deductions or comments. 7
Madhav Prasad Ghimire is a renowned Nepali poet who has given a great contribution to Nepali literature. He is one of the last of the oldest generation of poets in Nepal. He was motivated by the works of Rabindranath Tagore. He is a poet of the romantic tradition. He has written many incredible books such as Gauri, Malati Mangale, Himal Pari Himal Wari, Aswathama, Rajheswari, and Shakuntala and he is well known for his inspiring works. He was honoured as Rashtra Kavi (poet of the nation) of Nepal. He is undoubtedly one of the rare poets in Nepal to gain fame and fortune, and not the unfortunate forgetfulness they normally receive. But the greatest asset of his life is its simplicity. He is a very simple person with a simple taste, but his verses are varied and complex. However, for some, he is a Himalayan poet and for some the poet of love and harmony. However, this truth cannot be denied: he is a lyric poet and one of the true servants of Nepali literature. It is also a national treasure associated with the golden age of Nepali literature. He is one of the last of the oldest generation of poets whose contemporaries, Bal Krishna Sama and Laxmi Prasad Devkota, have become historical figures in the annals of Nepali literature. It is known that in his masterpieces such as Gauri and Malati Mangale he portrayed terrible truths of society. This literature was most praised by the Nepali people. Some of his other important literary works include Himal Pari Himal Wari, Rajeshwori, Aswathama, and Shakuntala which are most appreciated. He is a simple man with a complex and different perception. Rastra Kavi Ghimire was cited as a source of inspiration in the Nepali literary brotherhood. Not only writing but also his will to live has inspired many Nepali people. According to him, there are three mantras to live longer; Easy exercise or yoga, positive thinking, and creativity. For him, education in his own life is very important, since it takes a person from darkness to light and it is very important that Nepali youth should learn these things from him. He is respected by the people of Nepal. ―I think poets should be able to go beyond the social hierarchy and bring visions to humanity, and by using their poetic abilities, they should be able to expand the mind and pursue the truth, this is a great sentence by Madhav Prasad Ghimire.
Tips to solve these kind of Questions:
- Read the text carefully and identify the main idea or thesis statement.
- Identify the key points and supporting details that support the main idea.
- Write a brief summary of the text in your own words, focusing on the main idea and key points.
- Be concise and clear, using only the necessary information from the text to convey the main idea.
- Check your summary for accuracy, making sure you have included all the necessary information.
- Edit your summary for grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.
Madhav Prasad Ghimire : Great Nepali Literary Figure
Madhav Prasad Ghimire is a well-known Nepali poet who is considered to be one of the last poets of the oldest generation in Nepal. He is a romantic poet who was inspired by Rabindranath Tagore's works and has contributed significantly to Nepali literature. He has written numerous books, including Gauri, Malati Mangale, Himal Pari Himal Wari, Aswathama, Rajheswari, and Shakuntala, and has been honored as the Rashtra Kavi (poet of the nation) of Nepal. Despite his fame and fortune, Ghimire is a simple person with simple tastes, but his verses are varied and complex. He is known for his portrayal of the terrible truths of society in his masterpieces such as Gauri and Malati Mangale. His works have been praised by the Nepali people, and he is a source of inspiration for the Nepali literary brotherhood. In addition to his writing, his will to live and his beliefs in easy exercise or yoga, positive thinking, and creativity have inspired many Nepali people. Ghimire is respected by the people of Nepal, and his contribution to Nepali literature is considered a national treasure associated with the golden age of Nepali literature.
5. Write a letter to your cousin recommending him/her a book/novel that you thought worth reading in about 180 words. Describe the factors that you liked most. 8
I hope this letter finds you in good health and spirits. I am writing to you today to recommend a book that I recently read and found to be worth reading. The book is called "The Alchemist" by Paulo Coelho.
I was captivated by the book's plot, which tells the story of a shepherd boy named Santiago who embarks on a journey to fulfill his dreams. The book beautifully depicts the importance of following your dreams and listening to your heart, which resonated with me deeply. The story is also filled with valuable life lessons, and I found myself reflecting on the book's teachings long after I finished reading it.
What I liked most about this book was its simplicity and clarity. The author's writing style is easy to understand, and the story flows smoothly. The book is also quite short, which makes it an easy and quick read.
Overall, I believe "The Alchemist" is a book that everyone should read at least once in their lifetime. I am sure you will enjoy it as much as I did, and I hope it will inspire you to follow your dreams and live the life you truly desire.
6. ‘Privatization in education creates two class citizens.’ To what extent do you agree with this opinion? Write an essay in about 300 words on why you think so shading light on pros and cons of privatizing education, issues and Government responsibilities. 10
Privatization in education is a highly debated topic, with some arguing that it creates two class citizens while others see it as a way to improve education. In my opinion, privatization in education can create two class citizens, as it can result in unequal access to quality education.
On the one hand, privatization can lead to a significant improvement in the quality of education. Private institutions have more resources and can provide students with better facilities, smaller class sizes, and highly qualified teachers. This, in turn, can lead to better academic performance and improved career prospects for students. Additionally, privatization can introduce competition in the education sector, which can lead to innovation and increased efficiency.
However, on the other hand, privatization can also lead to a two-tiered education system. Private institutions charge higher fees, making education inaccessible to lower-income families. This results in a situation where only the rich can access quality education, while the poor are left with inferior facilities and fewer opportunities. This can create a cycle of poverty, as individuals from lower-income backgrounds are unable to access the resources necessary to break out of their socio-economic status.
It is the responsibility of the government to ensure that education is accessible to all citizens, regardless of their financial status. The government should invest in public education to ensure that all students have access to quality facilities and highly qualified teachers. Additionally, the government can introduce policies that ensure that private institutions provide scholarships or financial aid to low-income students, ensuring that education remains accessible to all.
In conclusion, while privatization can lead to an improvement in the quality of education, it can also create two class citizens. It is the government's responsibility to ensure that education is accessible to all citizens, regardless of their financial status. The government should invest in public education, introduce policies that promote accessibility, and hold private institutions accountable for providing opportunities to lower-income students. Only by doing so can we ensure that education remains a fundamental right and a vehicle for social mobility.
7. Do as instructed in the brackets and re-write the sentences. (10x1=10)
a. I have to go to the dentist because my tooth is aching terrible. (Find the mistake in this sentence and correct it.).
b. His house is ... (in/ at/ by/on) the way from Itahari to Biratnagar. (Choose the correct preposition to complete the sentence)
c. Ram assured me that he would meet me at the bus station exactly at 8 a. m. It is now 10 a. m. I have waiting for him since early morning. (Identify which bolded verb forms is incorrect and rewrite.)
d. You ... (will/must/has to/had to) stop smoking. It is very harmful. (Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate auxiliary verb).
e. He usually ... (do/did/has done/does) his homework in his room. (Identify which bolded verb forms completes the sentence.)
f. As a part of the project work, the students had to work physically. Therefore, they requested their teacher to stop study. (Identify which bold-faced word needs to be rewritten and correct it.)
g. Ganesh is a doctor. His wife is a doctor. (Combine the sentences using the conjunction both ............. and.)
h. The man is in the garden. The man is wearing a blue jumper (Join the two sentences using appropriate relative pronoun).
i. My uncle wrote a wonderful play. (Change the sentence into passive voice).
j. Mohan said, "My brother arrived home late". (Change the sentence into reported speech).
a. I have to go to the dentist because my tooth is aching terribly. (Terrible should be replaced with terribly)
b. His house is on the way from Itahari to Biratnagar. (on)
c. Ram assured me that he would meet me at the bus station exactly at 8 a.m. It is now 10 a.m. I have been waiting for him since early morning. (been waiting)
d. You must stop smoking. It is very harmful. (must)
e. He usually does his homework in his room. (does)
f. As a part of the project work, the students had to work physically. Therefore, they requested their teacher to stop studying. (studying)
g. Both Ganesh and his wife are doctors.
h. The man who is wearing a blue jumper is in the garden.
i. A wonderful play was written by my uncle.
j. Mohan said that his brother had arrived home late.
8. Choose and copy the correct alternatives: 5x1=5
a) Which one of the following words has a different final sound?
i) brushed ii) glanced iii) looked iv) filled
b) You went for a long run this morning. The word 'run‘ in this sentence is:
i) a noun ii) a verb iii) an adverb iv) an adjective
c) Which one of the following words does not take the prefix 'Im‘?
i) pure ii) fertile iii) moral iv) proper
d) Which one of the following words comes between 'example‘ and 'exchange‘ in the dictionary entry?
i) excavate ii) examine iii) excite iv) exclude
e) The administration has officially asked transportation employees to ............their demonstration.
i) call on ii) call off iii) call at iv) call for
a) iv) filled
b) ii) a noun
c) iii) moral
d) ii) examine
e) ii) call off
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