Biography of Bhawani Bhikshu : Great Nepali Literator

Biography of Bhawani Bhikshu : Great Nepali Literator
Do you want to read the biography of Bhawani Bhikshu who is one of the Great Nepali Literator? Here, you can know more about one of the greatest Nepali literators, Bhawani Bhikshu, his contribution to Nepali Literature and the narrative trend he followed which is very significant in Nepali Literature. This article will help you know the biography and major life details of him.


Who is Bhawani Bhikshu?

Bhawani Bhikshu is one of the greatest literator in Nepali Literature. He wrote many nepali stories and his creations are majorly based on women and child psychology.  

How was Bhawani Bhikshu's Childhood?

Bhawani  Bhikshu, born in Taulihawa, Kapilvastu District, Lumbini Zone on Thursday, June 6, 1966, as the eldest son of mother Yashoda Devi Kalwar Gupta and father Indra Prasad Gupta, is the third signature after Guruprasad Mainali and Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala in the field of modern Nepali fiction. 

The Bhikshu's real name is Noharram Gupta, he was a patient since childhood. At the same time, he was attacked by Shitla Mai (Beefer). He fell ill with the same disease. 

Then her mother reached the Kali Mandir of her village Toulihawa and started shouting, 'O Goddess of Reality! Let nothing happen to my son, let him live forever. ' 

The Bhikshu's mother returned home with many tears. When she reached home from Devithan, his son was walking to greet him. Tears of joy welled up in her mother's eyes as she saw her son's well-being. 

She hugged her son and said, 'My beloved son! You were healed by the grace of the goddess. But the Bhikshu's face was covered with scars. 

It is said that he died of bifurcation and his mother Yashoda Devi saved him by begging from  Bhawani . Born a Bhikshu,  Bhawani  was a man of sharp intellect. But his intellect could not be put to good use in his own home. 

So Mawli hugged him. His uncle's house was in Kapilvastu, India. After passing four in the language school of his village,  Bhawani  Bhikshu went to his mother-in-law's house. 

Not being able to stay at her mother-in-law's house for a few years, her father sent her back to Nepal. But due to the monotonous stubbornness of  Bhawani  Bhikshu, he returned to his uncle's house. 


Bhawani Bhikshu's Education

After that, his regular reading and writing started in India. He passed the Kulbhushan examination in Hindi medium at the age of twelve and got second place in that examination. 

The Bhikshus have acquired good proficiency in Hindi, English, Bengali and Urdu through self-study. Later, after returning to Nepal, he became a scribe of Adda. 

The Bhikshu continued to write in the morning, evening and afternoon. At the same time, Mathura Prasad Gupta established the Shri Ram Library in Toulihawa. After that, the Bhikshu also took the lead in reading works of Nepali literature. 

Lekhandas had a good name in the  Bhawani  Bhikshu's towel. In the same connection, they came to Kathmandu to uplift the house and land of local Pashupati Pratap Puri. 

In fact, Puri was a landlord. But due to natural calamities, his land was auctioned off. At that time, Puri was looking for a reliable person to help him raise his land. Puri chose the  Bhawani  Bhikshu as a person with such qualifications. So the Bhikshu came to Kathmandu carrying Puri's documents.


Bhawani Bhikshu's Life

Coming to Kathmandu, the  Bhawani  Bhikshu first tried to fulfill their obligation to Puri. He then met editor Premraj Sharma. 

He also met Siddhicharan Shrestha. Siddhicharan, the pinnacle of literature at that time, was impressed by the unique love, faith and dedication of the mother tongue-speaking Bhikshu towards the Nepali language. 

Eventually, Shrestha touched the pulse of the Bhikshu's enthusiasm for Nepali language and literature and took the Bhikshu to the Jorganesh Press. Arriving there, the Bhikshu gave his composition in 'Sharda'. 

It had his article published in 1993, which was his first critique published in Nepali. After the publication of this article, the Bhikshu went to Tossin in 'Sharda'. As a result, he was appointed editor of Sarada.

Bhawani Bhikshu's Acheivements

Bhawani  Bhikshus also got political appointments as government employees. He also became the director of the propaganda department under the watchful eye of King Mahendra. 

Bhawani Bhikshu edited 'Sharda' and Dharti. In addition, nine of his works were published through stories, novels and poems. He also won the Common Award (2032) and the Madan Award (2032) for his novel Agat. He was also awarded the Tribhuvan Pragya Award (2036). 

He has been a member of the Nepal State Intellectuals Foundation since its inception. After being a member there for twelve years, he became a life member with the same post allowance. 

Bhikshu from outside the capital initially struggled financially and left Kathmandu. He faced every obstacle and dedicated his life for Nepali language and literature. 

Although he memorized Awadhi and Hindi literature in his childhood, he practiced the religion of being a Nepali from the end of his adolescence to the end of his life. 

He chanted Nepali language and Nepali literature every moment. He devoted himself to Nepali language and literature throughout his life. As a result, the Bhikshu was considered to be the unforgettable pioneers of Nepali fiction. Bhikshu have always been revered as immortal seekers of Nepali literature.

Bhawani Bhikshu's Initiation in Nepali Literature

Where there is contradiction or interest, the first essay titled 'Critic and Criticism' appears in Sarada (Kartik 1993). However, he had already written in Hindi. Judging by his personal biography, Bhikshu is synonymous with accidents and mismatches. 

Nearly childhood deaths, divorce from his first wife, death of his second wife within a year of marriage, lone struggle in Kathmandu, many accusations, cancer attack, lone death, relatively little grief after death etc. are the scenarios of his mismatched life. 

But, as many Bhikshus survived - poetry survived, literature survived. He initially wrote poems in Nepali language. Because the Bhikshu felt that his language was not strong enough to write on such a deep subject as prose. However, later prose was written in parallel in both. The Bhikshus who came to Kathmandu to fight the issue kept on writing literature. 

Struggles faced by Bhawani Bhikshu

Despite the urge to write only in Hindi and to leave Kathmandu, the Bhikshus remained devoted to the Nepali language for the rest of their lives. The well-known story of a Bhikshu who also wrote an essay under the nickname 'Spine', 'Will he come back again?' He denied allegations that he was influenced by Indian storyteller Guleri's 'Usne Kaha Tha'. 

His speech and behavior attracted many. There was seriousness in his speech and intimacy in his behavior. After visiting his house, it was forbidden for the guests to refuse poetry and tea. Some even satirized his tea and poetry. His Nepali dialect was influenced by the Terai. Some people used to kiss the Bhikshu's lips. 

Bhawani Bhikshu's Demise

Bhikshu, who had made significant contributions to the Pragya Pratisthan and Nepali language literature, were stoned to death by the dietitians, saying, "Ta Madise, a writer of Nepali language?", But he did not give up. 

As the Bhikshu, who was fond of feeding or cooking sweets, did not have children, Keshav Raj wanted to give Pidali's son a house after his death, but Pidali refused. 

It is said that the main weakness of the Bhikshu who always presented himself as unmarried was the woman. 

The Bhikshu's name was also discussed with his assistant Savitri, but the Bhikshu did not accept it. His curiosity is also evident on the basis of various rumors with the woman. 

The contribution of 'Sharda' magazine in Nepali literature cannot be considered wrong as it is historical. The Bhikshu is also one of the publishers of more works in Sharda. 

Rejoicing in the company of Riddhi Bahadur Malla and Siddhicharan Shrestha, the Bhikshus continued to inspire and encourage Vasu Shashi. 

From the Gupta family of Kapilvastu to the high personalities of Nepali language and literature, the Bhikshus walked with their own strength in every step of the struggling life. 

The Bhikshu had the experience of trying to bring down rather than raise anyone, but there are those who say that Bhikshus did not hesitate to persecute others when they were in power and position.

The Bhikshu not only had a sense of inferiority as a countryman, but also a sense of superiority that he would show by doing something. 

I will also start writing. ' Due to the excessive use of similar words, the Bhikshu's work was complicated by many, but few praised it. Those who praised him did so from the heart. There are many reasons for the small number of fans, although in particular, his works have succeeded in presenting the abyss in Nepali literature. 

His story can be compared with the stories of Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala, Gothale, Sam, Puskarshamsher from a sexual psychoanalytic point of view. But, in the opinion of Ishwar Baral, he can be compared with the best storytellers in the world. The Bhikshu himself proudly said, "My essays can be the subject of important research for future generations." 

Bhawani Bhikshu Literary Works 

Known as a devotee of a beautiful woman and an expert in love, the Bhikshu is also considered as the narrator of Ratirag. The most important field of a Bhikshu who writes in various genres such as literary poems, stories, novel essays and monologues is story and novel, followed by poetry. 

His essays have not been published as collections, are scattered in unpublished condition and his other published works are as follows:

(A) Collection of Poems: Shadow (2017), Prakash (2017), Sophistication (2017)

(B) Collection of Stories: Gunakeshari (2017), Mayasaheb (2017), Avarta (2024), Avantar (2034) (c) Novels: Subhadra Bajya (2019), Agat (2033), Pipe no. Dui (2034) : Behind the Scenes (2030) 040

The Bhikshu, who devoted his life to the service of Nepali literature, fell ill after the 2030s, suffering from lung cancer. Due to that, the Bhikshus could not even respond to the 2032 Madan Award. Nepali on 4th Baishakh 2038 BS.
The bright star Bhikshus of literature have departed from this world.

The narrative tendency of Bhawani Bhikshu:

Bhawani is one of the leading geniuses in the psychological realist narrative genre, started by Bhikshu Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala. 

The main theme of the storyteller Bhawani  Bhikshu's uninterrupted story journey is to touch the secrets of human life and rejoice in sentimentality and to examine the real condition of Nepali society of that era as well as the subtle emotions of people's minds. 

His stories are written in a confluence of romantic or romantic and mystical narratives as well as social realist and psychological narratives. Although he portrayed many aspects of society and life in his stories, he is well known as a storyteller who is able to express the feelings of mutual attraction and love between men and women as well as the feelings of conflict, tension and pain. 

In the story of  Bhawani  Bhikkhu, many mental glands of the conscious and unconscious mind are analyzed, which is also known as Freudian Pshychology Bhikshus, who also create stories in political and social contexts, are interested in storytelling by making sexual psychology the main theme of the story and give place only to polite sex. In addition, he has given place to child psychology.

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