Class 12 English chapter 10 | Career Opportunities Exercise & Grammar

Class 12 English book chapter 10 | Career Opportunities | Exercise PDF

 Unit 10

Career Opportunities

Presenting Yourself Notes PDF

Working with words

A. Complete the sentences with the correct words from the box below.

position redundant professional referee verification consultant competence opportunity imperative achievement

a. You must learn about 2000 Kanji to develop competence in spoken Japanese language.

b. I can type both English and Nepali but not as fast as professional typists.

c. When she was in class eight, she got the opportunity to participate in a national painting competition.

d. The Prime Minister gave a long list of his achievements.

e. He spent many years in jail before reaching the position of a minister. 

f. About fifty workers were made redundant because of the financial crisis in the factory.

g. He is affiliated to the World Bank as a senior consultant.

h. They registered my application after making verification of my documents.

i. I requested my teacher to be my referee in my CV.

j. To make our country self-sustained in food production is an imperative need at present.

B. Define the following employment-related terms and use them in the sentences of your own.

Volunteering : any activity that involves spending time, unpaid, doing something that aims to benefit the environment or someone

A volunteer is worth twenty pressed men.

On the job training : With on the job training, employees receive training whilst remaining in the workplace.

I prefer on the job training that involves primarily multi-tasking. 

career opportunity: 

certain job that might lead to further achievements

 I thought it was a good career opportunity to go and work for a multinational company,"

skill development:

Process of identifying the gaps and developing the skills which enable the person to achieve their goals.

The time period of student life is a crucial time for skills development.


an arrangement in which someone learns an art, trade, or job under another.

It was the necessary apprenticeship to his brilliant diplomatic career. 

career counselling:

 Here are not any agencies which charge less for career counseling than private career counselors

I am going to join tomorrow’s virtual career counselling program organized by iskcon Nepal.


documents that state the abilities and experience of a person

 She has the perfect credentials for the job.

human capital: 

the collective skills, knowledge, or other intangible assets of individuals that can be used to create economic value

Nepal should focus on human capital development.


a period of time spent receiving or completing training at a job as a part of becoming qualified to do it

I regret not joining the internship of our firm.

Soft skills: 

non-technical skills that relate to how you work, how you interact with colleagues, solve problems etc

My technical background in math and finance has been useful, but the soft skills are equally important.

minimum wage: 

Minimum salary of doing a work

I don’t want to work unless I get a minimum wage of Rs. 10,000/week. 


Process of hiring the human capital in some sorts of works

As crime continues to rise, recruitment of city police officers has become a top priority for human safety.

role model: 

Follow-worthy or highly impressive and inspiring person

Elon musk is my role model for never being upset in failures.


Ability of doing sth

The aptitude test will identify your strongest areas in math.


the process of making a judgement or evaluation about someone or something. 

She was brutally frank in her assessment of our exam grades.. 

C. Based on their pronunciation, divide the following words into two groups so that the vowel sounds rhyme with here and hare.

Here =Fear, beer, ear, leer, cheer, sheer, shear, tear (n.), mere, deer, dear, clear, sneer, gear 

Hare = Fare, fair, bear, bare, care, heir, air, share, lair, chair, share, tear (v.), mare, dare, snare 


Answer the following questions.

a. What does a cV mean and why is it important in one's career?

'Course of life' is the direct translation of the Latin word "curriculum vitae." In the real world, it's a record of your professional and personal accomplishments and information. It's important in one’s career since it determines the approval when applying for employment, promotions, research funding etc.

b. Does the same CV work for all job opportunities? Why or why not?

Although the same CV may be used for different jobs, it is preferable to make minor adjustments to the CV based on the job description and language used in the job ad in order to showcase your most relevant skills and credentials.

c. What are the different areas where CV can help you?

In order to get a job, promotion, or research funding, a well-written CV is necessary and can be helpful. Any time when an outside professional body wants to authenticate your faculty or worth and research activities, it works as the outline. In other words, whenever someone needs to appraise your individual professional competence or the collective competence of you and your colleagues, CV can help you.

d. What do you mean by 'staying CV' and 'leaving CV'? Which one would you develop for yourself as a freshman?

A ‘staying CV' includes a lot of work on committees and administration, as well as experiences and a solid academic record. A ‘ leaving CV’ will showcase your research accomplishments while also demonstrating your overall competence and willingness to perform the full range of academic obligations. As a freshman, I would create a ‘leaving CV’ for myself.

e. How can you draft a good CV?

I can draft a good CV with all organized and necessary data, well written in a good format, adhering to the basic frame of CV. I can also seek CV writing ideas from experienced individuals to further enhance the quality of CV.

f. What is the difference between academic CV and non-academic CV? 

Academic CVs tend to be lengthier than those of non-academics, and they get longer as a person's career progresses. When non-academics apply for middle management roles, they are often encouraged to make mainly unverifiable statements about their traits and talents rather than to cite verifiable accomplishments. Thus, an academic CV differs significantly from a non-academic one.

Critical thinking

a. CV may not represent a person’s skills and abilities accurately because one’s confidence cannot be rendered in a paper. What do you think employers should do to find the best people for the job?

A CV may not fully reflect a person's expertise and ability since confidence cannot be shown in writing. So, the selection process should be broken down into some stages, rather than being based just on a piece of paper, in my opinion. 

First, Select the most knowledgeable candidates from the available list. The best approach to learn about someone's personality is to speak with them. Smart and communicative skills are essential for them to work well with you. Conversation is the only way to find out for sure where they went to college. Take as much time as you need to be certain. Either two or 10 interviews are required.

Decide whether or not they are capable of working alone and taking ownership of a project. They must be present at all times, both physically and mentally. They must be able to establish and maintain a commitment. Again, the best way to learn this is via discussion and, of course, references.

Then they must demonstrate that they have the necessary training, background, and credentials. Last but not least, maintaining one's composure in social situations and staying out of trouble is also crucial. SO, also consider that.

These are the things the employers should do to find the best people for the job rather than focusing on CV only. 

b. If the employers provide job opportunities by assessing one’s CV, how can fresh graduates compete with the experienced competitors?

Getting ahead of the competition for your ideal job means standing out from the crowd and making a positive first impression on prospective employers by showing your talents and skills.

There are certain jobs that need you to have an advanced degree in a specific field, but many times an employer is looking for more than simply a stellar academic record. Personality and the correct mix of interpersonal and leadership abilities are what they are looking for in prospects. When it comes to putting together an effective resume, many recent college grads are clueless. As a result, most people have resumes that follow a similar pattern since they all utilize the same template. If you want yours to stand out, you'll need to break the mold and think outside the square. As a creative candidate, you may want to go with something a little out of the ordinary in order to make your application stand out from the others. A new grad may compete with their peers if he or she does this.


A. Study the following advertisement. Write an application for one of the positions. Prepare your CV too that suits the job. 


Baneshwor, Kathmandu

July 29, 2021


The Manager,

MM Construction Pvt. Ltd.

Butwal, Nepal


Subject: An Application for the post of Civil Engineer


Dear Madam/ Sir,

With reference to vacancy issued in Kantipur National Daily on July 28, 2021, I would like to apply for the position.

To qualify for the position, I have a bachelor's degree in physics from one of the country's most prestigious universities, as well as two years of relevant work experience.

I have all the skills, training, and experience necessary to fill the role, and I've always wanted to work for a firm as advanced and well-known as yours. Therefore, I would like to ask you to put me through my paces and see whether I have what it takes to succeed in this position.

Additionally, I've included a full CV for your review and consideration. 



I am looking forward to hearing from you.


Yours faithfully,

Shriram Lamichhane





Shriram Lamichhane


Personal Profile

Father’s name : Shyam Lamichhane

DOB: July 10, 1990

Gender : Male

Nationality : Nepali

Religion : Hindu

Permanent Address: Syanja, Nepal

Mailing Address: Kathmandu 34, Nepal

Languages : Nepali,  English, Hindi

Marital Status : Single

Hobbies :Reading books about mysteries of physics and discovering new facets of the field


Academic Profile

Degree Institute / University / Board        Year Passed    Division

Graduate ( BSc)          TU                                                   2009   I   

+ 2                                       HSEB                                              2005  I          

SLC                                     SLC board of Nepal                       2003  I           




Work Profile

Position                   Institute / company          Duration                   Job responsibility

Professor          DMC                               2 years ( 2009-2011)   Teaching Physics

Intern                      SNTS                               6 Months ( 2008- July – 2009)  Lab Assistant



Worked as an engineering teacher in SXC for 3 years.


Additional Aptitude

It is my understanding that I may use a computer for advanced business reasons.
I'm adept at creating the frameworks for highways, homes, and other structures.




Nawaraj Sharma, The Principal of  DMC , Kathmandu


Mr. Narayan Sharma , The Manager of VVES, Kathmandu



Conditional sentences

Present SImple - Will/can/must

Past Simple- would/could/should…

Past perfect - would have / could have ….

B. Rewrite the following sentences using the correct form of the verbs.

a. If you sell your stocks now, you won’t get much money for them. (not/get)

b. A lot of people would lose their jobs if the factory closed down. (close down)

c. Our country won’t have to export wheat if it rains in November and February. (rain)

d. If we had found him earlier, we could have saved his life. (find)

e. If he had not been wearing a helmet, he could have been seriously injured. 

f. Unless you follow the instructions, you will not pass the exams. (not/pass)

g. I don’t mind walking home as long as the weather is fine. (be)

h. The bank will sanction you the loan provided you deposit a collateral. (deposit)

i. What would you have been doing if you had not got this job? (you/do)

j. If you had the choice, where would you have lived? (you/live)

C. Change the following sentences into ‘if sentences’ as in the example.

Example: I did not go to a restaurant because I was not hungry.

I would have gone to a restaurant if I had been hungry.

a. The driver was talking on the phone so the accident happened. 

If the driver had not been talking on the phone, the accident would not have happened. 

b. There is no one at home because all the lights are off. 

There would be someone at home if all the lights were not off. 

If there was someone at home, all the lights wouldn't be off. 

c. He must be an educated person because he has subscribed 'The Kathmandu Post.'

He mustn't be an educated person if he had not subscribed 'The Kathmandu Post.'

If he was an educated person, he would have subscribed 'The Kathmandu Post.'

d. His head was not injured in the accident because he had put the helmet on.

His head would have been injured in the accident if he had not put the helmet on.

e. I am sure he passed the exam because he gave a heavy treat to his friends.

I am sure he would not have passed the exam if he hadn't given a heavy treat to his friends.

f. You didn't take any breakfast so you are hungry now.

If you had taken some breakfast, you would not be hungry now.

g. I am sure he is a doctor because he is wearing the white gown.

I am sure he wouldn't be a doctor if he was not wearing the white gown.

h. She is very rich so she drives a Mercedes.

If she was not very rich, she would not be driving a Mercedes.

i. I didn't know it was only half a kilometer from my house, so I booked a ride.

If I had known it was only a half kilometer from my house, I would not have booked a ride.

j. He has hidden something in his mind, so he does not look fresh.

If he had not hidden anything in his mind, he would look fresh.

Also Read: chapter 11 Hobbies On walking

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